Diagnostic programs allow you to determine the state of the computer as a whole and its individual components. It can use them for performance verification, temperature control, or continuous system monitoring. Should be installed At least one utility on any laptop because the use of diagnostic programs allows you to detect problems in time and eliminate their cause.
CPU-Z is one of the most famous programs for diagnosing PCs and laptops. It is available for free download; it offers the most simple interface – one window, divided into several tabs with information about devices.
CPU-Z stands out among diagnostic utilities for its depth of analysis. This is especially true for checking the processor. After a short scan, the program will show its type, process technology, core voltage, heat dissipation indicators. Information of similar depth is available for the RAM and the motherboard chipset. This makes the program indispensable for overclocking enthusiasts.
CPU-Z also allows CPU benchmarks to check performance and stability under load. Test reports are saved in TXT and HTML documents. To test the processor:
- Go to the Bench tab.
- We select the mode of checking one core or several.
- In the Reference drop-down list, select the reference processor with which we want to compare our chip.
- Click Bench CPU to run the test.
The program interface will immediately display the results obtained – how much is your processor better or worse than the selected standard. A stress test can be done similarly. The main thing is to monitor the processor’s temperature – this will require other diagnostic programs, which we will talk about below. See also: how to find out CPU temperature in Windows 10.
Supports all Windows versions.
Gives the maximum amount of information about the processor, motherboard, RAM.
It does not take up much space; it is undemanding to resources.
Allows simple performance tests.
Doesn’t show hard disk information.
Provides little information about the video card – only the manufacturer, model, and type of memory.
Does not monitor the temperature of individual components.
The program GPU-Z eliminates the CPU-Z disadvantages and provides very detailed information about the video card. The utility shows all the parameters of the graphics adapter up to the device code. Information about cores, memory, power subsystems, frequency, the temperature of the video card – everything is collected in a single GPU-Z interface. An interesting feature of the program is the detection of fake video cards. If the actual parameters do not correspond to the technical characteristics of the model, then the Fake message will appear in the information about the device, and an exclamation mark will be displayed instead of the manufacturer’s logo.
In the program’s parameters, you can configure it to start automatically with the system and minimize to the tray with a demonstration of the selected value – for example, the temperature of the video card. A convenient option is placing the utility on top of all windows. You will definitely appreciate this opportunity if you will overclock or test a video card and need constant monitoring of its condition.
Detailed information about the graphics adapter and its current state.
Automatic detection of video cards, the actual power of which does not meet the declared characteristics.
Saving reports as an image or document.
The interface is not fully translated.
You cannot test the performance and stability of the video card.
Speccy is a free program from Piriform, the developer of the popular CCleaner system cleaning utility. The application performs laptop diagnostics at startup, after which it displays basic information about important components: motherboard, processor, video card, hard disk, RAM. For convenience, the most important data is collected on the General Information screen. There are links to sections of individual devices in the left pane – there is much more information in them. For example, in the submenu “Data storage,” you will find the result of the SMART analysis of the hard disk, which shows its current state.
During monitoring, the temperature of each device is measured. Speccy warns the user about exceeding the permissible heating values by repainting the icon in a threatening red color. You can also enable the display of the temperature of an individual device in the system tray.
- Expand the “View” menu and go to “Options.”
- On the “Notification area” tab, mark the minimization to the tray and display values, and then select the device and sensor – for example, the motherboard’s temperature.
You can configure the automatic inclusion of Speccy at system startup if you want to monitor the status of the laptop constantly.
Displays detailed information about connected devices.
Monitors the temperature of critical components: processor, motherboard, video card, hard drive.
Performs some tests on its own and displays their results in the device information.
Distributed under a free license and updated frequently.
There are no tests to check the stability of the system that you can do yourself.
Some components are not shown in the list.
System Explorer is a complete replacement for the standard Windows Task Manager, which offers significantly more information about the processes and provides additional tools for monitoring the system’s state. The program is available for free download and does not take up much disk space.
System Explorer’s default interface is similar to Task Manager. It is a window with four tabs showing current processes, performance, connections, and the history of various actions. If you need more information, we recommend switching to Explorer Mode. The data is presented in the form of an “Explorer,” which is navigated through the side menu.
Through System Explorer, you can:
Monitor system performance.
View current tasks and create new ones.
Monitor and manage the performance impact of processes.
Examine running modules, services, drivers used.
Customize the startup list.
Monitor the parameters of the antivirus and Windows Firewall.
Take snapshots of the system and compare them with each other.
View history, which records all actions.
System Explorer checks running processes through its own database and warns about the presence of malicious files. To do this, the program requires an internet connection.
Offers in a single interface the functionality of several system utilities with advanced capabilities.
Monitors the performance of the system in real-time and displays indicators through the icon in the system tray.
Provides detailed information about all actions in the system: starting files and programs, shutting down applications, connecting to the network, etc.
A large number of settings can be confusing.
No built-in tests and no information about connected devices.
The program is rarely updated.
AIDA64 is a powerful application for diagnosing and monitoring system health. The program selects information from the BIOS memory, tells about all connected devices, and provides links to additional information. In addition, AIDA64 provides users with performance and stability testing tools under load. The only problem is that all of this is available for free only for a 30-day trial period. License cost – $ 40.
In the “Test” section, you can run a test of individual parameters of the RAM, processor, and other components. For example, if we want to know the performance of the CPU and compare it with those of other chips, then we do the following:
- First, go to the “Test” section.
- We select the parameter that we want to check.
- We press “Start.”
The test results will be sorted in a comparison table with other processors. The main characteristics of the device will also be indicated there. Separate tests allow you to check the performance of drives, find out the bandwidth of the cache and RAM, diagnose the monitor and assess the general state of the system when operating under load.
The maximum possible list of device characteristics, including links to detailed descriptions on specialized sites.
Comparison with other systems when conducting tests.
Taking readings from all sensors of the laptop.
A large number of built-in tests for different devices up to the monitor.
You can only use it for free for 30 days.
The program HWMonitor is developed by the same company as the CPU-Z. However, unlike that diagnostic utility, the emphasis here is on real-time status checking rather than showing detailed information about specifications and firmware. The program interface is a single table that lists all installed devices. For each component, a check of voltage, frequency, temperature, percentage of utilization, amount of occupied memory is available. The existing data can be saved in a TXT file.
HWMonitor also has a paid Pro version. It offers several additional functions, including remote control of the laptop’s status through another computer or phone and displaying the temperature of the selected component in the system tray when minimizing the main program window.
Collecting information about all connected devices.
Taking readings from various sensors.
Remote control of the computer status via another computer or mobile device (available in the Pro version).
There are no benchmarks to check performance and stability under load.
Device characteristics are not displayed.
HWiNFO is a small utility that shows the main characteristics of a laptop and its components. Knows how to take readings from sensors, which allows you to monitor the temperature of the components and voltage through it. The program is distributed under a free license, but as gratitude, the developer can send him any amount.
One of the main advantages of HWiNFO is its low resource requirements. The program runs differently even on older Windows XP machines, not to mention modern laptops with the latest OS versions. All devices available for diagnostics are presented in a single menu. By switching between tabs, we learn detailed information about each component of the laptop. Additional features of the program include updating the BIOS of the motherboard and device drivers. However, use these features with care. It is much safer to update BIOS and device drivers manually rather than using a generic algorithm.
Detailed reports on the characteristics and current condition of the equipment.
Taking high-precision readings from different sensors.
Tools for updating BIOS and device drivers.
There are no benchmarks to check performance and stability under load.
SpeedFan is a simple utility for monitoring the main indicators of a laptop. Shows CPU frequency, fan speed, voltage, the temperature of other devices. This program is also loved by users who are engaged in overclocking PCs and laptops, as it provides accurate information about the current state of important components. Separate information is collected in graphs that are easy to visualize.
The SpeedFan program allows you to change the speed of the coolers. This can be useful if the laptop is overheating and we want to pump up the cooling system a little.
- Click on the Configure button.
- Go to the Advanced section.
- Find the Pwm Mode elements in the list and make sure that they have the Manual status. If another mode is selected, select each element and select the Manual status through the Set To line.
- We return to the main window of the program.
- Use the arrow buttons to change the value of the Pwm1 parameter.
- We check how the fan is working – see if the temperature of the processor or other component has dropped.
Experimentally, you can determine which fan blows a particular device (if several coolers are installed), and then rename the parameters in the program interface.
Allows you to control the speed of the fans.
Performs a SMART test on its own, monitoring the condition of the hard drive.
Monitors the voltage at the terminals of the power supply.
Checks the temperature of critical components: processor, video card, memory.
There is no detailed information about the components of the computer, only the current indicators of their work.
There are no built-in tests.
PCMark is a program for testing system performance. Futuremark developed it. They also have a utility called 3DMark, which is also designed to conduct stability and performance tests and check the processor and video card bundles. PCMark covers more subsystems.
With the help of this program, we can determine the capabilities of a laptop for rendering and editing video, complex calculations, storage, and transmission of data. Various tests help determine the speed of writing and reading of RAM and permanent memory, the power of each processor core, the speed of rendering graphics card objects. The utility includes some 3DMark test tools to determine the laptop’s suitability for high-load games.
After the test, the result appears on the screen in points. The rating allows you to judge the performance of a laptop. The tester also reports on what problems were found during the test and advises on upgrading your computer.
Conducts general laptop performance testing.
Analyzes the state of the OS.
Compares the results with the ratings of other users.
In the basic version, the interface is not translated into Russian.
The program has a paid version in which all testing tools are available. But for a basic check and determination of the weak points of the laptop, the capabilities of the free edition of the utility are enough.
FurMark is the benchmark for verifying the performance of discrete graphics cards and embedded video systems. Basically, it is a set of stress tests that test the graphics subsystem for stability under load. The utility is distributed under a free license and receives regular updates.
FurMark’s interface consists of a test setup window and a section for conducting it, in which a complex render rotates. Before starting the test, we select the graphics level and test mode. For example, you can enable full-screen mode, select a resolution, adjust anti-aliasing. A significant point is the indication of the duration of the check. Prolonged exposure to load can damage the video card.
After starting the stress test, a render appears on the screen, drawing all the resources of the graphics adapter. It is not recommended to use other applications on the laptop. The only program that needs to be running is a temperature monitoring diagnostic utility such as GPU-Z. Depending on the set parameters, testing stops after the selected time or manually.
The most rigorous and honest check of a video card for performance, stability, and power consumption.
Different testing modes.
Possibility of automatic and manual completion of the check.
Together with the utility, GPU-Z is installed – a program for diagnosing a video card.
The interface is not translated into Russian.
Graphics adapter load limit.
FurMark can literally burn your graphics card and other components. Therefore, before starting it, you need to make sure that the cooling system on the laptop is working correctly. The first test is recommended to be carried out no more than 5 minutes, constantly monitoring the temperature of the graphics adapter and other devices.
It all depends on the task at hand. If the goal is simply to monitor all system indicators and the laptop’s state, you can get by with utilities such as Speccy, HWinfo, HWMonitor, System Explorer. They do not have testing tools, but they have a lot of useful information that allows you to detect weaknesses and prevent errors.
Overclocking users need CPU-Z, GPU-Z, AIDA64, SpeedFan, PCMark, and FurMark. They may contain slightly less information about the characteristics of the device and the state of the system. Still, there are powerful tests to check the performance and stability of the laptop under load.
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